What are Different of Types of Cultivators?


Farmers must make informed decisions about cultivators. With numerous cultivators on the market, it can be challenging to determine which ones are the cream of the crop. Fortunately, this blog reveals the best cultivator types and provides expert guidance on selecting the optimal one for your needs.

Define Cultivator 

A cultivator is a farming tool utilized to aerate and loosen soil, eliminate weeds, and prepare it for planting. It is usually attached to a tractor and has shanks or teeth that are engineered to break up the soil and weed out unwanted plants.

The depth of these shanks or teeth can be adjusted to achieve the desired level of soil disturbance. 

Depending on the size and scope of the farming operation, cultivators can be operated manually or powered by engines.

The need for improved farming practices, particularly in developing countries, has resulted in a growing demand for farm machinery. This has led manufacturers to introduce different types of cultivators due to  an increased usage of this farm equipment.   

Technavio’s latest market research report shows that the global cultivators market will grow and become worth USD 319.03 million more from 2020 to 2024.

Exploring the Role of Harrows as Cultivators in Farming 

On the surface, cultivators are used interchangeably with harrows. Yet, there are subtle distinctions between them. All harrows are classified as cultivators, but the reverse is not always true. To clarify, below are the definitions for each term:

Harrow: Harrows are designed to break up clumps of soil, level the ground, and incorporate crop residue into the soil. They can till the soil up to a depth of around 6 inches.

Cultivator: Cultivators, on the other hand, are primarily used for weed control and to prepare a seedbed for planting. They have the capability to till the soil up to a depth of 12 inches.

 What Are Cultivators Used For 

  • Mixing soil amendments like fertilizer, compost and manure using cultivators can enhance the soil’s fertility providing crops with essential nutrients required for growth. 
  • Incorporating cover crops into the soil with the help of cultivators can prevent soil erosion, suppress weeds, and add organic matter to the soil. This enhances the overall health and fertility of the soil.
  • Soil compaction occurs when soil particles get squeezed together, making it challenging for plant roots to absorb essential nutrients. Cultivators can help to reduce this problem by breaking up the compacted soil, making it more fertile and easier to manage.
  • Cultivators can help eliminate weeds from the soil without harming the plants by using specialized attachments like hoe blades and weed knives. These attachments aid in removing weeds and unwanted plants effectively. 

The Kelly Tillage Model 2006 is well-known and highly regarded for its ability to control weeds effectively.

Tips to Help you Choose the Right Cultivator for Farming

Understanding The Ideal Tillage Depth 

To cultivate soil, one must use a tiller to break it up, making it easier to turn over the crops seeds or bulbs. They are used for shallow and deep tillage both. Trailed cultivators like disc harrows are equipped with metal discs that are angled to cut into the soil and break up any clumps or compacted areas. 

The depth of the discs can be adjusted, allowing the operator to dig deeper into the soil if necessary. Furthermore hand held cultivators are mainly designed for the light tillage. However, farmers should be clear about their preferences either to opt for shallow or deep tillage prior to the cultivator selection. 

The harrow Model 4012 of KellyTillage System is an ideal option in our product range. Whether you’re dealing with tough soil conditions or need to perform shallow tillage, this disc harrow is designed to handle the job with ease.

Powering Your Cultivator 

Cultivators are available in different power sources, including gas and electricity. An electric cultivator is usually adequate for small farming areas, whereas a gas-powered model may be required for larger areas. 

Gas-powered cultivators come in a variety of sizes and types, ranging from lightweight cultivators with a one-piece handlebar to heavy-duty disc harrows.

The Kelly Tillage System US range includes the largest and most powerful harrow, the Model 6218HDX. It is an excellent choice for those seeking a durable and reliable tillage system.

Soil Type

When selecting a cultivator, the soil type must be taken into account. If the area being tilled contains many rocks or boulders, a lighter cultivator would be more practical, as it can navigate more smoothly and is less likely to become stuck.

Conversely, for soft soils that are simple to break down, a heavy-duty cultivator would be the preferred choice, as it can dig more deeply into the soil and achieve the required tillage depth.

Types of Cultivators 

Disc Harrow 

Are you planning to start your own farm or till your farmland? Then you might want to consider using a disc harrow! This farming tool is designed with a series of metal discs that cut through the soil, preparing it for planting and removing unwanted weeds. 

You can use it both before and after plowing to ensure that your soil is in the best possible condition. Thanks to its balanced and strong construction, a disc harrow can dig deep into the ground, reaching up to 8 inches. This makes it an incredibly useful tool for preparing your soil and controlling weed growth, allowing you to achieve the best possible harvest. So why not give it a try and see the benefits for your farm?

With a cutting width of 29.6 feet, Model 3009 of Kelly Tillage System has proven to be effective in controlling weeds. Thanks to its reliable performance!

Chain Harrow

Chain harrows are farm implements that are typically used as a finishing tool in the process of preparing a seedbed for planting. They consist of a series of small chains and tines that are arranged in a specific pattern to effectively break up and flatten any remaining clumps of soil that may have been left behind by larger, heavier cultivation equipment like disc harrows.

The tines on these harrows are often curved or angled to ensure maximum soil penetration and to prevent soil from building up on the harrow. The chains, on the other hand, serve to further break up clods of soil and help to distribute the soil evenly across the seedbed. Together, these components work to create an even, level surface that is ideal for planting.

They are often used after initial tillage. These harrows are also useful in promoting soil aeration and water infiltration, which can improve the overall health and productivity of the soil.

One of the most favored machines in the Kelly Tillage System is the Model 4614. It can be equipped with an optional Kelly Seeder, making it an ideal choice for achieving a perfect seedbed.

Independent Disc Stubble Cultivators

A type of tillage equipment designed for secondary tillage operations. They use a series of offset discs mounted on individual gangs to till the soil, creating a fine seedbed after primary tillage. 

The discs are arranged independently, enabling them to move separately and follow the shape of land. This makes sure that the cultivator tills the soil evenly, even if the ground is not flat.ensuring uniform depth of tillage even on uneven ground. 

The term “stubble” denotes the practice of tilling the soil after harvesting a crop, leaving the remaining plant material on the surface to decompose and enrich the soil.

Four Row Cultivators

These are farm machines that are utilized in row-cropped fields to till the soil and control weeds. They work by cultivating three or four rows of crops at the same time, which enables the farmer to efficiently and effectively prepare the soil and control weeds. 

The cultivators are made up of a frame that is attached to a tractor and several cultivator shanks with attached sweeps that dig into the soil to remove weeds. The shanks can be modified for different row widths, and the cultivator may also have adjustable gang angles to suit varying soil types and conditions. 

Spring Tine Cultivator 

This cultivator is composed of a frame with a series of curved tines or teeth arranged closely together, which are then dragged across the soil. These tines are usually made of sturdy and resilient spring steel, designed to move independently while passing over the soil. This feature is crucial in minimizing soil compaction and decreasing the likelihood of crop damage.

Spring tine cultivators are adaptable and can be utilized in various soil types and conditions, ranging from light to heavy soils. Their effectiveness lies in their ability to break up soil clods, manage weeds, and blend surface residue into the soil. 

Farmers frequently combine spring tine cultivators with other tillage equipment to form a well-prepared seedbed for planting crops.

KellyTillage System offers top-quality tillage equipment.

Rotary Tiller

A rotary tiller is a farm implement utilized for preparing soil, controlling weeds, and creating seedbeds. It comprises a rotating shaft or drum with a series of curved blades or tines mounted on it. 

The tractor’s power take-off (PTO) powers the shaft or drum, causing the blades to spin and till the soil. The blades are designed to penetrate the soil, break up lumps, and create a smooth, fine tilth that is suitable for planting. 

Rotary tillers are available in different sizes and configurations, ranging from small handheld models for small farms, to heavy-duty units for commercial agriculture.

Chisel Plow 

Chisel Plow also known as Rigid tine, consists of a firm leg attached to a main frame, which is usually fitted with a spring protection mechanism. These cultivators are effective for deep tillage and do not invert the soil. They can function as a replacement for plows as they have the ability to loosen the soil to similar depths.

A spring protection mechanism is a safety feature frequently utilized on various chisel plows, and harrows. It is typically composed of a spring or a set of springs that enable the tines or shanks of the implement to flex or move separately when confronting obstacles such as rocks or stumps in the soil. 

This feature prevents harm to the equipment and reduces the danger of harm to the operator. After clearing the obstruction, the tine or shank reverts to its normal position thanks to the spring’s elasticity, allowing the tillage operation to continue.

Take Away 

Conclusively, farms utilize different types of cultivators that serve various soil preparation needs. It is important to comprehend the variations between cultivator types like spring tine cultivators, rigid tine cultivators, rotary tillers, and others. 

This knowledge can aid farmers in selecting the right cultivator that fits their particular application, thus improving soil health, enhancing crop yields, and maximizing farm productivity.